Category Archives: ’63

December ’63

1863 December brought its icy, miry roads. The major Union and Confederate armies headed into winter quarters while their leaders took stock and tried to reorganize. The Army of the Potomac was the first to shut down major combat operations … Continue reading

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November ’63

1863 November opened with all eyes on Chattanooga. The little Tennessee city was critical. Surrounded by mountains and additionally guarded on its northern and western sides by a long curl of the Tennessee River, it commanded an east-west rail route … Continue reading

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October ’63

1863 The bloody September battle along Chickamauga Creek and its aftermath pushed Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis toward major changes in October. The administration in Washington had seen its Chickamauga commander, William S. Rosecrans, flee the field in advance of … Continue reading

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September ’63

1863 The Cherokees are said to have named a north Georgia creek Chickamauga–“River of Death”–because its waters were dangerous to drink. They could not have known how apropos the name would become in September 1863. Peril would pervade the whole … Continue reading

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August ’63

1863 Robert E. Lee got 10 days to head his defeated Army of Northern Virginia and its wagon trains home out of Gettysburg and Pennsylvania. New commander George G. Meade and the equally fought-out Army of the Potomac had followed … Continue reading

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July ’63

1863 The war’s two primary eastern armies blundered into battle on July 1 around the southeastern Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg. From Robert E. Lee’s Confederates, a division in the corps of A. P. Hill headed there first on the report … Continue reading

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June ’63

1863 Robert E. Lee found himself in a hard place in June of 1863. Commanding what he called the finest army in the world, he had become hard-pressed to feed and clothe it in battle-scourged northern Virginia.  And that was … Continue reading

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