Category Archives: July

July ’64

1864 U. S. Grant’s mammoth June crossing of the James River and his descent into Robert E. Lee’s backyard at Petersburg transformed the war in eastern Virginia into a trench stalemate in July–and shifted the focus to other fronts. In … Continue reading

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July ’63

1863 The war’s two primary eastern armies blundered into battle on July 1 around the southeastern Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg. From Robert E. Lee’s Confederates, a division in the corps of A. P. Hill headed there first on the report … Continue reading

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July ’62

1862 Fighting for the six consecutive days ending June, General Robert E. Lee and his outnumbered Confederates had separated, flanked, and stopped the Union Army of the Potomac, breaking an impending siege that had panicked the Southern capital. The Federals had … Continue reading

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July ’61

    1861               The people of the North were restless.             It had been two months since the Fort Sumter surrender, and no major move had been mounted to quash the Dixie rebellion. The longer what President Lincoln … Continue reading

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