Category Archives: October

October ’64

1864 Confederate war-making strategies, particularly west of the Appalachians, became increasingly wild gambles in October. The undermanned aims of these gambits were all the same: to stave off Union drives that, if successful, would produce inexorable Dixie defeat. Lt. Gen. … Continue reading

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October ’63

1863 The bloody September battle along Chickamauga Creek and its aftermath pushed Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis toward major changes in October. The administration in Washington had seen its Chickamauga commander, William S. Rosecrans, flee the field in advance of … Continue reading

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October ’62

1862 Abraham Lincoln’s preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, issued on Sept. 22, began sinking in on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line—and the Atlantic Ocean. Internationally, the incipient measure produced the kind of wide reaction Lincoln had hoped to avoid. For that reason, … Continue reading

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October ’61

1861             The cool of autumn pointed toward winter, when rain and sleet would drown the Confederacy’s inferior roads and slacken campaigning to an endless plod.             So Presidents Lincoln and Davis settled into a longer war than most people … Continue reading

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