Category Archives: By Year

January ’65

1865 Winter’s onset stalled most major military operations and pushed diplomatic thrusts toward center stage. But from both sides those initiatives were fitful and abortive. Neither chief executive–Abraham Lincoln nor Jefferson Davis–would budge from his fundamental position. Or could. Davis … Continue reading

Posted in '65, January | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

February ’65

1865 The Confederate States of America and its “peculiar” institution were nearing the bottom of an increasingly slippery slope to extinction. The most telling sign was ratification of a brand-new constitutional amendment, the 13th, by the state of Illinois just … Continue reading

Posted in '65, February | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

March ’65

1865 The once-vaunted Confederate military, winnowed to dribs and drabs, now fell to pieces. On the month’s third day, at Waynesborough, Va., a unit of Union cavalry under Brig. Gen. George Armstrong Custer routed and destroyed most of the surviving … Continue reading

Posted in '65, March | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

April ’65

1865 And then suddenly it was over. Not completely, of course. There still would be pockets of resistance and individual Confederates who would try to get to Texas to keep fighting or escape to Canada, England, or elsewhere to avoid … Continue reading

Posted in '65, April | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

May ’65

1865 Subsequent Confederate surrenders, all minor compared to the April ones of the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of Tennessee, kept coming. General Richard Taylor–commanding Confederates in Alabama, Mississippi, and eastern Louisiana–capitulated on May 4 to Maj. Gen. … Continue reading

Posted in '65, May | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

June ’65

1865 June saw the last significant surrender of soldiers flying the Confederate flag. The final organized force to lay down its arms did so on June 18, 1865 at Doaksville in Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. These Confederates were American Indians, … Continue reading

Posted in '65, June | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

December ’64

1864 The Confederate Army of Tennessee–its ranks and officer corps vastly thinned by the failed assaults the previous afternoon at Franklin, Tenn.–headed to Nashville behind a fleeing Union army on Dec. 1. The Confederate commander, Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood, … Continue reading

Gallery | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment