Monthly Archives: February 2013

November ’63

1863 November opened with all eyes on Chattanooga. The little Tennessee city was critical. Surrounded by mountains and additionally guarded on its northern and western sides by a long curl of the Tennessee River, it commanded an east-west rail route … Continue reading

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October ’63

1863 The bloody September battle along Chickamauga Creek and its aftermath pushed Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis toward major changes in October. The administration in Washington had seen its Chickamauga commander, William S. Rosecrans, flee the field in advance of … Continue reading

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September ’63

1863 The Cherokees are said to have named a north Georgia creek Chickamauga–“River of Death”–because its waters were dangerous to drink. They could not have known how apropos the name would become in September 1863. Peril would pervade the whole … Continue reading

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August ’63

1863 Robert E. Lee got 10 days to head his defeated Army of Northern Virginia and its wagon trains home out of Gettysburg and Pennsylvania. New commander George G. Meade and the equally fought-out Army of the Potomac had followed … Continue reading

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July ’63

1863 The war’s two primary eastern armies blundered into battle on July 1 around the southeastern Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg. From Robert E. Lee’s Confederates, a division in the corps of A. P. Hill headed there first on the report … Continue reading

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June ’63

1863 Robert E. Lee found himself in a hard place in June of 1863. Commanding what he called the finest army in the world, he had become hard-pressed to feed and clothe it in battle-scourged northern Virginia.  And that was … Continue reading

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May ’63

1863 “Fighting Joe” Hooker, having declared that Robert E. Lee must quit his defenses and fight or “ingloriously fly,” ventured into the Virginia Wilderness to see which it would be.             A little of both, it turned out. Although vastly … Continue reading

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April ’63

1863 The Union’s Vicksburg campaign had stalled for months, but not for lack of effort. To assault the 16 miles of cannon-bristling bluffs facing the Mississippi River situated from north to south of the town would be suicide. So for … Continue reading

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March ’63

1863 Once again, the Federal Army of the Potomac was starting over. Its new third commander, “Fighting Joe” Hooker, began again to do what George McClellan and Ambrose Burnside had done before him:  prepare for battle against Confederate General Robert … Continue reading

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February ’63

1863   Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant dramatically bolstered his command of the Union’s western theater following a protest against it that developed on Feb. 1. In early January, troublesome Maj. Gen. John McClernand, wielding seniority in rank and the … Continue reading

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